美国境内任何人不得, 以性别为基础, be excluded from participation in, 被剥夺…的利益, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
Title IX specifically prohibits discrimination against a student based on pregnancy, childbirth, false pregnancy, 终止妊娠, 或者从这些情况中恢复过来
Under Title IX, it is illegal for colleges to exclude a pregnant student from participating in any part of an educational program. This prohibition applies to specific classes such as advanced placement or honors classes, 课外项目, 学校间的运动, honor societies, 以及成为学生领袖的机会, 在其他活动中.
In addition, a college must excuse a student’s absences because of pregnancy or childbirth for as long as the student’s doctor deems the absences medically necessary. When a student returns to school, she must be allowed to return to the same academic and extracurricular status as before her medical leave began.
A college may require a pregnant student or student who has given birth to submit medical certification for school participation only if the college also requires such certification from all students with physical or emotional conditions requiring the attention of a physician. Thus, for example, a student who has been hospitalized for childbirth must not be required to submit a medical certificate to return to school if a certificate is not required of students who have been hospitalized for other conditions. Requests for medical certification from pregnant or parenting BHCC students may only be made by the Health Services Office, 与第九条协调员协商.
Frequently Asked Questions Pertaining to 第九条赌博十大排名官方网站怀孕和育儿学生的要求
May a college require a pregnant student to participate in a separate program for pregnant students?
No. 任何这样的要求都将违反第九条. A college may offer separate programs or schools for a pregnant student, but participation in those programs or schools must be completely voluntary. A college may provide information to its students about the availability of an alternative program, but it may not pressure a pregnant student to attend that program. A pregnant student must be allowed to remain in her regular classes and programs if she so chooses.
May a college require a pregnant student to obtain a doctor’s permission before allowing her to attend school late in her pregnancy if the college is worried about the student’s health or safety?
Colleges cannot require a pregnant student to produce a doctor’s note in order to stay in school or participate in activities, including 学校间的运动, unless the same requirement to obtain a doctor’s note applies to all students being treated by a doctor. That is, colleges cannot treat a pregnant student differently from other students being cared for by a doctor, even when a student is in the later stages of pregnancy; colleges should not presume that a pregnant student is unable to attend school or participate in school activities.
What types of assistance must a college provide to a pregnant student at school?
To ensure a pregnant student’s access to its educational program, when necessary, a college must make adjustments to the regular program that are reasonable and responsive to the student’s temporary pregnancy status. For example, 大学可能需要提供一张更大的桌子, 允许孩子经常上厕所, 或者允许临时进入电梯.
除了允许怀孕的学生上课, 大学需要允许她参加学校社团吗, class activities, 学校间的运动, 以及其他学校赞助的组织?
Yes. Title IX prohibits a college from excluding a pregnant student from any part of its educational program, 包括所有课外活动, 比如学校社团, 学术的社会, honors programs, homecoming court, 或者校际体育. A pregnant student must also be eligible to hold leadership positions in these activities. In addition, a pregnant student may not be excluded from an activity that is part of the college’s educational program even if the activity is not operated directly by the school. For example, an after-school program run by a local nonprofit agency that rents the school’s facilities at a reduced rate and is advertised and promoted by the school may not exclude a pregnant student from enrolling.
Does a college have to excuse a student’s absences due to pregnancy or childbirth?
Yes. Title IX requires a college to excuse a student’s absences due to pregnancy or related conditions, including recovery from childbirth, for as long as the student’s doctor deems the absences to be medically necessary. When the student returns to school, she must be reinstated to the status she held when the leave began, which should include giving her the opportunity to make up any work missed. A college may offer the student alternatives to making up missed work, such as retaking a semester, 参加在线课程学分恢复计划, or allowing the student additional time in a program to continue at the same pace and finish at a later date, 尤其是在长时间休假之后. 应该允许学生选择如何补作业. If the college requires students with other medical conditions to submit a doctor’s note, 对怀孕的学生可能也有同样的要求.
欲知更多资料, 联系Nahomi Carlisle, 首席股权和合规官, 平权行动官员和504/ADA协调员, at 新卢瑟福大道250号, 查尔斯顿校区, Room A307, Boston, MA 02129, phone: 617-228-3311; email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Adapted from Supporting the Academic Success of Pregnant and Parenting Students Under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. Washington, DC: U.S. 教育部.